Present perfect simple; present perfect continuous; past continuous; past perfect. Passive voice: present simple; present continuous; past simple; present perfect. First and second conditional; modal verbs: can/could, may/might, must, will/would, shall, should. Have to. Make vs Do. Used to do. Verb patterns: want to do/ hope to do/ would like to do; ask/tell somebody to do something; make/let somebody do something; decide/start/try/manage to do something. Infinitive after adjective and infinitive of purpose. Asking for and giving directions: prepositions of place and movement. -ly adverbs (clearly); -ed and -ing adjectives (bored / boring). Relative pronouns. Defining and non-defining relative clauses.